Mary O. Wykle, Ph.D., ATRIC

Aquatic Exercise
Aquatic exercise encompasses the many facets of physical activity and fitness - only in the water. Options are numerous. Everyone can find an activity to enjoy. The possibilities extend from cardiovascular exercise to strength training to flexibility and beyond. The individual determines the intensity and endurance. And - the water provides a low to non-impact place to exercise.

Ai Chi/Ai Chi Ne
Ai Chi is a water exercise and relaxation program ideal for creating improved range of motion and mobility. It is performed upright in chest deep water using slow, broad movements of the arms, legs, and torso. Ai Chi was created in Japan by Jun Konno in the early 1990's combining Tai Chi concepts with Shiatsu and Watsu techniques. Ai Chi Ne is Ai Chi with a partner.
Aqua Abdominals
Focus on the abdominal muscles using a noodle for flotation. Based on a program developed by Terri Mitchell, strengthen the abdominals and stabilize the core using a noodle for support and balance.
Aqua Pilates
The basic mat exercises developed by Joseph Pilates move to the water. The side of the pool replaces the mat used in the studio to reinforce the "Powerhouse" surrounding our torso. Advanced Aqua Pilates moves to the center of the pool and to deep water using flotation supports for increased challenge.
Aqua Yoga
Yoga is centuries old, but yoga in the water is still in its infancy.  Using Iyengar style of yoga, poses are transitioned into the water in form and alignment as close to land practice as permitted.  Water adds additional isometric strengthening, range of motion, and depth of breath to your yoga practice.
Deep-Water Conditioning
The possibilities are endless when deep-water conditioning is your choice.  Using a flotation belt, experience all levels of cardiovascular intensity.  From running and jogging to cross country ski, the participant elevates their heart rate into the training zone.  Options do not end there.  You can switch to flotation on the feet or ankles to increase core stabilization.  Winged water walkers add a new variety of workouts - with or without a flotation belt.  Gloves increase arm resistance.  Water weight equipment provides strengthening.  This is a great workout in a non-impact environment.
Fitness Swimming
Swimming laps may appeal to you.  Build gradually to the distance you swim.  To add variety, bring a preplanned workout with set intervals.  Use swim fins, short fins, and hand paddles for part of your workout.  Consider joining a Masters Swim program.
Fluid Chi
Chi is energy and we create energy around us in the water when we move.  Fluid chi adds balls and hoops to the large movements in the water.  Fluid chi often combines parts of Ai Chi, yoga, and Pilates into a flowing program.
Aqua Pi-Yo-Chi
Aqua Pi-Yo-Chi intertwines the poses of yoga and exercises of Pilates.  Each movement flows together with assistance from selected Ai chi moves.  Feel the large muscle influence on body positioning in yoga and the isolated muscle initiation of Pilates.  Flow it together with the round movements of Ai Chi.  Energize, stretch, strengthen, and relax in one program.
Military Water Fitness
The military stresses fitness and prides itself on individual readiness.  Training that is predominantly land based results in overuse complaints and repetitive movements leading to muscle imbalances, not to mention boredom.  The option to do some physical training in the water opens a new dimension to the military's physical training program.  All of the courses listed here are appropriate.
Shallow Water Conditioning
Water aerobic classes incorporate varied movements to improve cardiovascular training.  The steps and movements flow in a determined count flow.  Choreography adds variety.  Music stimulates the intensity.  Three levels are encouraged - low without bouncing (closed chain activity), medium with some bouncing but with the foot not to completely leave the bottom of the pool, and bounding - or open chain.  Each person determines their level of participation and range of motion.  These classes often include strengthening exercises and stretching.
Suspended Pilates with a Noodle
Flotation equipment adds a new dimension to Aqua Pilates.  Noodles are our versatile piece of equipment.  Suspended Pilates challenges core strength and provides a great work out.  The basic positions include the noodle providing direct support for suspension by placing it across the back at scapular level.  Maintaining a plank position � prone, or upward plank position � supine, is the ultimate challenge as the arms must be directly under the shoulders.  These can be learned in shallow water with the pool bottom providing needed support and then moved to deep water.
Water Walking
Walking in waist to chest depth water is an excellent low impact aerobic exercise. The most popular modes of movement are forward, backward, and sideways.  A variety of changes in leg movement and direction along with arm movements are added to maintain challenge and intensity.  The key to water walking is maintaining correct body positioning.